West Nimar, Madhya Pradesh | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

West Nimar, Madhya Pradesh

Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. The average monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households is relatively low for the district, suggesting poor purchasing capacity of the farmers here. For average crop revenue per holding, the district appears among the top 25 percentile of districts, implying higher investment capacity of the farmers here. The district appears in the group of districts, which are (very) highly vulnerable towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps Limited suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has high crop revenue per holding, and ground water available within the safe limit. But, a relatively low disbursement of institutional credit and comparatively low concentration of diesel pump users make it difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 7,787 37
Water Availability Index 0.94 90
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 304,482 91
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 26.1 48

Solarisation of feeders

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps and a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation but its DISCOM incurs a relatively low cost for supplying power. As the power purchase rate of the DISCOM increases going forward, solarisation of the feeders may become economically viable in the district.

Parameter Value Percentile
Actual cost of power supply (INR/kWh) 5.64 33
Extent of feeder segregation 100% 69
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 26% 75

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within the safe limit. But, a rather low concentration of small and marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area make it difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.94 90
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 66% 18
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 65% 53

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within the safe limit. But, a rather low concentration of marginal farmers, a comparatively low disbursement of institutional credit to them and a relatively low proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area limit the demand for 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 5% 45
Water Availability Index 0.94 90
Proportion of marginal cultivators 29% 13
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 26.1 48

Solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps

Limited suitability

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps, ground water available within the safe limits and a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation. But the relatively low power subsidy for agriculural consumers make solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps an inefficient way of enhancing solar pumps in the district.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.94 90
Actual cost of power supply (INR/kWh) 5.64 33
Extent of feeder segregation 100% 69

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 5% 45

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 48% 84

West Nimar, Madhya Pradesh
Summary
Number of operational holdings
206,211
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
2.06
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
7,787
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
54,080
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
260
87
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
5%
45
Water Availability Index
0.94
90
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
899
17
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
304,482
91
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
6.45
43
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
26.1
48
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
1,128
46
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.09
28

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