Vadodara, Gujarat - Solar Pumps Tool | Solar Pumps Tool

Vadodara, Gujarat

Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. For average crop revenue per holding, the district appears among the top 25 percentile of districts, implying higher investment capacity of the farmers here. The number of medium and long-term institutional loans disbursed in the district is comparatively large, suggesting the availability of credit amongst farmers for potential investments. The district appears in the group of districts, which are (very) highly vulnerable towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Suitable
Solarisation of feeders Suitable
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Suitable

Availability of groundwater within the safe limit, a comparatively high concentration of diesel pump users, a relatively high crop revenue per holding, and institutional credit disbursed in relatively large amounts in the district make it a suitable candidate for the promotion of solar-based irrigation through the private ownership of solar pumps. Private ownership provides easy and reliable access to irrigation for farmers.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 24,703 58
Water Availability Index 0.94 88
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 248,605 88
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 226.8 84

Solarisation of feeders

Suitable

Given the relatively high bullk power purchase rate for the respective DISCOM, a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation, and a high penetration of electric pumps, solarisation of the feeders would be a recommended way to promote solar-powered irrigation in the district. It would ensure the rapid and cost effective solarisation of irrigation power at a large scale.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 4.29 69
Extent of feeder segregation 100% 69
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 3% 34

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within the safe limit. But, a rather low concentration of small and marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area make it difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.94 88
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 72% 27
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 40% 33

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area, groundwater availability within the safe limit and a comparatively high disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers. But, the proportion of marginal farmers is rather low in the district, suggesting low demand for small-sized pumps.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 12% 66
Water Availability Index 0.94 88
Proportion of marginal cultivators 42% 25
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 226.8 84

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation – Farm Power Availability

There is a comparatively low level of farm mechanisation in the district and a relatively low proportion of electric pump users, indicating an opportunity to increase the exisiting level of mechanisation through solar based irrigation. Solar powered irrigation could be deployed under the Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation to improve farm power availability.

Parameter Value Percentile
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha) 0.12 34
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 3% 34

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 0.47 82

Vadodara, Gujarat
Summary
Number of operational holdings
277,172
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
1.69
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
24,703
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
8,275
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
186
78
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
12%
66
Water Availability Index
0.94
88
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,536
75
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
248,605
88
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
11.55
75
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
226.8
84
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
1,345
51
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.12
34