Unnao, Uttar Pradesh | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Unnao, Uttar Pradesh

It has a relatively small proportion of its net sown area unirrigated, indicating poor irrigation demand. Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. The average monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households is relatively low for the district, suggesting poor purchasing capacity of the farmers here. It has a relatively low penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, impeding access to institutional credit for farmers. There is a comparatively high level of farm mechanization in the district, implying a positive outlook towards progressive technologies amongst the farmers. The district has a relatively high proportion of small and marginal farmers.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Suitable

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has ground water available within the safe limit, a comparatively high concentration of diesel pump users, and a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit, but low crop revenue per holding. Greater support, either through subsidies or credit, would be required to enable farmers to adopt solar pumps.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 105,486 87
Water Availability Index 1 100
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 49,060 33
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 49.8 58

Solarisation of feeders

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps, and its DISCOM has a rather high bulk power purchase rate, but the district has a comparatively low extent of feeder segregation. Solarisation of the feeders will only be possible once the district separates agricultural feeders from the rest.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 4.33 76
Extent of feeder segregation 0% 0
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 2% 29

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within safe limit and the concentration of small and marginal farmers is comparatively high, but the proportion of unirrigated area is relatively low. A solar-based water service will have to compete with existing sources of irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 95% 80
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 8% 11

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Suitable

1 HP and sub-HP pumps could help marginal farmers meet their needs in this district. A relatively high proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area, a rather high concentration of marginal farmers, a comparatively high disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers, and the availability of groundwater within the safe limit would drive the success of such small-sized pumps in the district. Such small pumps could also be put to use for lift irrigation, provided there is access to surface water.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 8% 58
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of marginal cultivators 83% 82
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 49.8 58

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Unnao, Uttar Pradesh
Summary
Number of operational holdings
485,860
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
0.7
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
105,486
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
12,074
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
25
29
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
8%
58
Water Availability Index
1
100
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
749
6
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
49,060
33
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
3.73
10
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
49.8
58
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
3,648
83
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.67
78