Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh - Solar Pumps Tool | Solar Pumps Tool

Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh

Overall, the water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is critical since the resource is overexploited, jeopardizing the long-term sustainability of solar pumps. For average crop revenue per holding, the district appears among the top 25 percentile of districts, implying higher investment capacity of the farmers here. It has a relatively low penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, impeding access to institutional credit for farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which are (very) highly vulnerable towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Suitable
Solar based water as a service Not Suitable
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Not Suitable

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has a comparatively high concentration of diesel pump users, high crop revenue per holding, and a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit. However, groundwater availability is below the safe limit. Water conservation and efficient irrigation practices (such as drip irrigation) should be promoted to improve the viability of solar pumps.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 43,367 72
Water Availability Index 0.25 17
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 187,586 83
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 83.1 65

Solarisation of feeders

Suitable

Given the relatively high bullk power purchase rate for the respective DISCOM, a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation, and a high penetration of electric pumps, solarisation of the feeders would be a recommended way to promote solar-powered irrigation in the district. It would ensure the rapid and cost effective solarisation of irrigation power at a large scale.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 4.05 46
Extent of feeder segregation 100% 69
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 51% 92

Solar based water as a service

Not Suitable

The district has a rather low concentration of small and marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area. Moreover, groundwater availability is below the safe limit, making it extremely difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.25 17
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 64% 16
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 42% 35

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Not Suitable

The district has a relatively high proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area. But, a rather low concentration of marginal farmers, a comparatively low disbursement of institutional credit to them, and groundwater availability below the safe limit make it extremely difficult to promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 6% 53
Water Availability Index 0.25 17
Proportion of marginal cultivators 38% 21
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 83.1 65

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 57% 90

Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh
Summary
Number of operational holdings
231,956
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
2.21
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
43,367
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
117,558
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
208
81
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
6%
53
Water Availability Index
0.25
17
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,333
59
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
187,586
83
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
4.87
24
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
83.1
65
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
1,944
62
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.32
56