The Dangs, Gujarat - Solar Pumps Tool | Solar Pumps Tool

The Dangs, Gujarat

In the district, a relatively large proportion of the net sown area is unirrigated, indicating high irrigation demand. Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. For average crop revenue per holding, the district appears among the top 25 percentile of districts, implying higher investment capacity of the farmers here. The district has a relatively high penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, facilitating higher access to institutional credit for farmers. The number of medium and long-term institutional loans disbursed in the district is comparatively small, suggesting poor availability of credit amongst farmers for potential investments. It has a relatively low proportion of small and marginal farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which are (very) highly vulnerable towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has high crop revenue per holding, and ground water available within the safe limit. But, a relatively low disbursement of institutional credit and comparatively low concentration of diesel pump users make it difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 684 18
Water Availability Index 1 100
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 175,837 80
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 0.6 23

Solarisation of feeders

Limited Suitability

The district has a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation, and its DISCOM has a high bulk power purchase rate. But, a relatively low penetration of electric pumps means that solarisation of the feeders would not help in increasing the deployment of solar for irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 4.17 66
Extent of feeder segregation 100% 69
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 0% 0

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability is within the safe limit in this district and the proportion of unirrigated area is high. However, a comparatively low concentration of small and marginal farmers indicates low demand for water as a service.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 29% 6
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 93% 86

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has groundwater availability within safe limit and a relatively high proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area. But, a rather low concentration of marginal farmers, and a comparatively low disbursement of institutional credit to them make it difficult to promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 13% 68
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of marginal cultivators 14% 7
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 0.6 23

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Har Khet ko Pani

A relatively high proportion of the net sown area in the district is unirrigated, indicating high irrigation demand. Solar pumps can help improve access to underground irrigation as part of Har_Khet_ko_Pani.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 93% 86

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Intensity

A relatively high proportion of the district’s net sown area is unirrigated. Lack of access to irrigation is one of the major barriers to growing crops beyond two conventional seasons, rabi and kharif. Ensuring irrigation access through solar power will help improve cropping intensity and move towards the aim of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 93% 86

Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation – Farm Power Availability

There is a comparatively low level of farm mechanisation in the district and a relatively low proportion of electric pump users, indicating an opportunity to increase the exisiting level of mechanisation through solar based irrigation. Solar powered irrigation could be deployed under the Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation to improve farm power availability.

Parameter Value Percentile
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha) 0 0
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 0% 0

The Dangs, Gujarat
Summary
Number of operational holdings
12,567
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
4.71
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
684
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
51
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
49
47
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
13%
68
Water Availability Index
1
100
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
980
26
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
175,837
80
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
12.73
80
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
0.6
23
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
51
10
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0
0