Subarnapur, Odisha | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Subarnapur, Odisha

Horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area in the district, diminishing the economic viability of solar pumps here. Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. The average monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households is relatively low for the district, suggesting poor purchasing capacity of the farmers here. The district has a relatively high proportion of small and marginal farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which show (very) low vulnerability towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has ground water available within the safe limit. But, a comparatively low concentration of diesel pump users, low crop revenue per holding, and a relatively low disbursement of institutional credit make it very difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 3,086 28
Water Availability Index 1 100
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 41,221 28
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 4.6 32

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within safe limit and the concentration of small and marginal farmers is comparatively high, but the proportion of unirrigated area is relatively low. A solar-based water service will have to compete with existing sources of irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 89% 59
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 42% 35

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has groundwater availability within safe limit and a rather high concentration of marginal farmers. However, a comparatively low disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area make it difficult to promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here, unless government provide subsidy or loans support to marginal farmers for adoption of such pumps as well as promote more horticulture among such farmers.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 0% 2
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of marginal cultivators 67% 54
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 4.6 32

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 0% 2

National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)

The relatively low share of oilseeds and oil palm crops under gross sown area in the district makes it a suitable candidate for promoting NMOOP. Solar pumps could meet irrigation needs for these crops and help farmers diversify their yields beyond cereals.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under oilseeds as a share of total cropped area 0% 7

Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation – Farm Power Availability

There is a comparatively low level of farm mechanisation in the district and a relatively low proportion of electric pump users, indicating an opportunity to increase the exisiting level of mechanisation through solar based irrigation. Solar powered irrigation could be deployed under the Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation to improve farm power availability.

Parameter Value Percentile
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha) 0.19 45
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 3% 34

Subarnapur, Odisha
Summary
Number of operational holdings
95,709
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
1.04
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
3,086
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
2,732
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
40
41
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
0%
2
Water Availability Index
1
100
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
833
11
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
41,221
28
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
7.94
54
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
4.6
32
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
2,280
68
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.19
45