Sonbhadra, Uttar Pradesh - Solar Pumps Tool | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Sonbhadra, Uttar Pradesh

Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. The average monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households is relatively low for the district, suggesting poor purchasing capacity of the farmers here. There is a comparatively high level of farm mechanization in the district, implying a positive outlook towards progressive technologies amongst the farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which are (very) highly vulnerable towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Suitable
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has ground water available within the safe limit, a comparatively high concentration of diesel pump users, and a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit, but low crop revenue per holding. Greater support, either through subsidies or credit, would be required to enable farmers to adopt solar pumps.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 63,372 80
Water Availability Index 0.95 91
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 33,762 22
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 48.6 58

Solarisation of feeders

Suitable

Given the relatively high bullk power purchase rate for the respective DISCOM, a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation, and a high penetration of electric pumps, solarisation of the feeders would be a recommended way to promote solar-powered irrigation in the district. It would ensure the rapid and cost effective solarisation of irrigation power at a large scale.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 4.37 79
Extent of feeder segregation 100% 69
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 13% 61

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability is within the safe limit in this district and the proportion of unirrigated area is high. However, a comparatively low concentration of small and marginal farmers indicates low demand for water as a service.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.95 91
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 85% 48
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 77% 67

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has groundwater availability within safe limit and a rather high concentration of marginal farmers. However, a comparatively low disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area make it difficult to promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here, unless government provide subsidy or loans support to marginal farmers for adoption of such pumps as well as promote more horticulture among such farmers.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 2% 29
Water Availability Index 0.95 91
Proportion of marginal cultivators 68% 56
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 48.6 58

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Har Khet ko Pani

A relatively high proportion of the net sown area in the district is unirrigated, indicating high irrigation demand. Solar pumps can help improve access to underground irrigation as part of Har_Khet_ko_Pani.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 77% 67

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Intensity

A relatively high proportion of the district’s net sown area is unirrigated. Lack of access to irrigation is one of the major barriers to growing crops beyond two conventional seasons, rabi and kharif. Ensuring irrigation access through solar power will help improve cropping intensity and move towards the aim of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 77% 67

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 2% 29

Sonbhadra, Uttar Pradesh
Summary
Number of operational holdings
195,666
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
1.16
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
63,372
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
25,522
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
133
71
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
2%
29
Water Availability Index
0.95
91
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
971
24
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
33,762
22
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
8.23
57
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
48.6
58
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
2,113
65
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.69
80