Shimoga, Karnataka - Solar Pumps Tool | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Shimoga, Karnataka

Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. The average monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households is relatively high for the district, suggesting higher purchasing capacity of the farmers here. The district appears in the group of districts, which show (very) low vulnerability towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has ground water available within the safe limit and a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit. But, low crop revenue per holding, and a comparatively low concentration of diesel pump users make it difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 9,575 40
Water Availability Index 0.93 93
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 45,971 45
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 119.8 70

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within the safe limit. But, a rather low concentration of small and marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area make it difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.93 93
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 85% 48
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 35% 30

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area, groundwater availability within the safe limit and a comparatively high disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers. But, the proportion of marginal farmers is rather low in the district, suggesting low demand for small-sized pumps.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 5% 53
Water Availability Index 0.93 93
Proportion of marginal cultivators 59% 43
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 119.8 70

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)

The relatively low share of oilseeds and oil palm crops under gross sown area in the district makes it a suitable candidate for promoting NMOOP. Solar pumps could meet irrigation needs for these crops and help farmers diversify their yields beyond cereals.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under oilseeds as a share of total cropped area 3% 38

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 34% 69

Shimoga, Karnataka
Summary
Number of operational holdings
213,711
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
1.26
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
9,575
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
31,795
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
85
60
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
33%
89
Water Availability Index
1
100
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,883
87
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
1,314,584
100
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
9.17
66
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
119.8
70
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
1,216
48
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.41
62