Sant Ravi Das Nagar (Bhadohi), Uttar Pradesh - Solar Pumps Tool | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Sant Ravi Das Nagar (Bhadohi), Uttar Pradesh

It has a relatively small proportion of its net sown area unirrigated, indicating poor irrigation demand. There is a comparatively high level of farm mechanization in the district, implying a positive outlook towards progressive technologies amongst the farmers. The district has a relatively high proportion of small and marginal farmers.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Not Suitable
Solarisation of feeders Suitable
Solar based water as a service Not Suitable
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Not Suitable

The district has ground water available below the safe limit, a comparatively low concentration of diesel pump users, low crop revenue per holding, and a relatively low disbursement of institutional credit, making it extremely difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 4,684 31
Water Availability Index 0.42 31
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 29,649 19
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 15 42

Solarisation of feeders

Suitable

Given the relatively high bullk power purchase rate for the respective DISCOM, a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation, and a high penetration of electric pumps, solarisation of the feeders would be a recommended way to promote solar-powered irrigation in the district. It would ensure the rapid and cost effective solarisation of irrigation power at a large scale.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 4.37 79
Extent of feeder segregation 100% 69
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 5% 43

Solar based water as a service

Not Suitable

The concentration of small and marginal farmers is rather high in the district, but groundwater availability is below the safe limit. In addition, a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area makes it very difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here, unless it undercuts the price of water from existing sources, and improves water utilisation through promotion of micro-irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.42 31
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 98% 93
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 22% 23

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

The concentration of marginal farmers in the district is rather high and the disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers is also comparatively high. But, groundwater availability is below the safe limit and proportion of gross cropped area under horticulture is relatively low, making viability of small pumps difficult. Such pumps can be promoted in suitable areas of the district along with promotion of micro-irrigation as well as horticultural crops.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 4% 40
Water Availability Index 0.42 31
Proportion of marginal cultivators 91% 93
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 15 42

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Capital Investment

Given the high concentration of small and marginal farmers, and their relatively better access to institutional credit, the district is suitable for doubling farmers’ income through capital investment. Solar pumps could be one of the farm technologies to invest in for farmers, especially 1 HP or sub-HP pumps for marginal farmers.

Parameter Value Percentile
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 98% 93
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year to small and marginal cultivators (in INR Crore) 15 42

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 4% 40

National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)

The relatively low share of oilseeds and oil palm crops under gross sown area in the district makes it a suitable candidate for promoting NMOOP. Solar pumps could meet irrigation needs for these crops and help farmers diversify their yields beyond cereals.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under oilseeds as a share of total cropped area 0% 6

Sant Ravi Das Nagar (Bhadohi), Uttar Pradesh
Summary
Number of operational holdings
187,042
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
0.41
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
4,684
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
9,016
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
14
19
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
4%
40
Water Availability Index
0.42
31
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,206
50
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
29,649
19
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
7.11
48
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
15
42
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
1,069
44
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
1.35
94