Sagar, Madhya Pradesh | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Sagar, Madhya Pradesh

Horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area in the district, diminishing the economic viability of solar pumps here. Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. It has a relatively low penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, impeding access to institutional credit for farmers.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Suitable
Solarisation of feeders Suitable
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps Suitable

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Suitable

Availability of groundwater within the safe limit, a comparatively high concentration of diesel pump users, a relatively high crop revenue per holding, and institutional credit disbursed in relatively large amounts in the district make it a suitable candidate for the promotion of solar-based irrigation through the private ownership of solar pumps. Private ownership provides easy and reliable access to irrigation for farmers.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 58,295 78
Water Availability Index 0.95 93
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 106,798 60
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 110.8 69

Solarisation of feeders

Suitable

Given the relatively high cost of power supply for the respective DISCOM, a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation, and a high penetration of electric pumps, solarisation of the feeders would be a recommended way to promote solar-powered irrigation in the district. It would ensure the rapid and cost effective solarisation of irrigation power at a large scale.

Parameter Value Percentile
Actual cost of power supply (INR/kWh) 6.09 56
Extent of feeder segregation
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 45% 89

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within the safe limit. But, a rather low concentration of small and marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area make it difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.95 93
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 75% 31
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 51% 42

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has a comparatively high disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers and groundwater availability is within the safe limit. But, a rather low concentration of marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area limits the suitability of 1 HP and sub-HP pumps in the district.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 2% 23
Water Availability Index 0.95 93
Proportion of marginal cultivators 43% 25
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 110.8 69

Solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps

Suitable

Given the relatively high rate of power subsidy for agriculture consumers, a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation, ground water available within the safe limits and a high penetration of electric pumps, solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps would be a recommended way to promote solar-powered irrigation in the district. It would ensure the rapid and cost effective solarisation of irrigation power at a large scale.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.95 93
Actual cost of power supply (INR/kWh) 6.09 56
Extent of feeder segregation

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 2% 23

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 28% 59

Sagar, Madhya Pradesh
Summary
Number of operational holdings
312,583
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
1.75
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
58,295
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
141,977
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
262
88
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
2%
23
Water Availability Index
0.95
93
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,015
29
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
106,798
60
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
4.7
23
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
110.8
69
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
2,921
75
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.48
66

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