Purba Medinipur, West Bengal | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Purba Medinipur, West Bengal

Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. The district has a relatively high proportion of small and marginal farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which show (very) low vulnerability towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Suitable

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has ground water available within the safe limit, a comparatively high concentration of diesel pump users, and a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit, but low crop revenue per holding. Greater support, either through subsidies or credit, would be required to enable farmers to adopt solar pumps.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 268,424 97
Water Availability Index 0.82 70
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 35,100 23
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 123.5 71

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within safe limit and the concentration of small and marginal farmers is comparatively high, but the proportion of unirrigated area is relatively low. A solar-based water service will have to compete with existing sources of irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.82 70
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 100% 99
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 38% 33

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Suitable

1 HP and sub-HP pumps could help marginal farmers meet their needs in this district. A relatively high proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area, a rather high concentration of marginal farmers, a comparatively high disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers, and the availability of groundwater within the safe limit would drive the success of such small-sized pumps in the district. Such small pumps could also be put to use for lift irrigation, provided there is access to surface water.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 13% 68
Water Availability Index 0.82 70
Proportion of marginal cultivators 94% 96
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 123.5 71

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)

The relatively low share of oilseeds and oil palm crops under gross sown area in the district makes it a suitable candidate for promoting NMOOP. Solar pumps could meet irrigation needs for these crops and help farmers diversify their yields beyond cereals.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under oilseeds as a share of total cropped area 4% 47

Purba Medinipur, West Bengal
Summary
Number of operational holdings
587,812
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
0.53
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
268,424
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
115,909
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
116
68
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
13%
68
Water Availability Index
0.82
70
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,164
46
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
35,100
23
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
5.87
37
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
123.5
71
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
1,651
56
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.54
69