Nizamabad, Telangana | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Nizamabad, Telangana

There is a comparatively high level of farm mechanization in the district, implying a positive outlook towards progressive technologies amongst the farmers. The district has a relatively high proportion of small and marginal farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which show (very) low vulnerability towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Not Suitable
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Not Suitable

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has high crop revenue per holding, and a high concentration of diesel pump users. But, disbursement of institutional credit is low and ground water availability is below the safe limit, making it very difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 30,069 63
Water Availability Index 0.45 34
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 115,388 64
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 19.6 45

Solarisation of feeders

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps, and its DISCOM has a rather high bulk power purchase rate, but the district has a comparatively low extent of feeder segregation. Solarisation of the feeders will only be possible once the district separates agricultural feeders from the rest.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 5.29 99
Extent of feeder segregation 11% 29
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 38% 85

Solar based water as a service

Not Suitable

The concentration of small and marginal farmers is rather high in the district, but groundwater availability is below the safe limit. In addition, a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area makes it very difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here, unless it undercuts the price of water from existing sources, and improves water utilisation through promotion of micro-irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.45 34
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 91% 64
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 26% 26

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Not Suitable

The district has a rather high concentration of marginal farmers. But, a relatively low proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area, a comparatively low disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers, and groundwater availability below the safe limit make it extremely difficult to promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here. Such pumps can be promoted only if clubbed with micro-irrigation along with support to farmers for pump adoption and undertaking horticulture.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 4% 42
Water Availability Index 0.45 34
Proportion of marginal cultivators 67% 54
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 19.6 45

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 4% 42

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 24% 51

Nizamabad, Telangana
Summary
Number of operational holdings
473,456
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
0.91
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
30,069
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
180,222
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
92
62
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
4%
42
Water Availability Index
0.45
34
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,220
51
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
115,388
64
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
6.17
41
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
19.6
45
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
1,268
50
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.61
75