Nalgonda, Telangana | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Nalgonda, Telangana

The average monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households is relatively high for the district, suggesting higher purchasing capacity of the farmers here. It has a relatively low penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, impeding access to institutional credit for farmers. There is a comparatively high level of farm mechanization in the district, implying a positive outlook towards progressive technologies amongst the farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which show (very) low vulnerability towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Not Suitable
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has high crop revenue per holding, and a high concentration of diesel pump users. But, disbursement of institutional credit is low and ground water availability is below the safe limit, making it very difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 121,397 89
Water Availability Index 0.72 57
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 132,025 69
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 21.5 46

Solarisation of feeders

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps, and its DISCOM has a rather high bulk power purchase rate, but the district has a comparatively low extent of feeder segregation. Solarisation of the feeders will only be possible once the district separates agricultural feeders from the rest.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 5.01 99
Extent of feeder segregation 3% 25
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 44% 88

Solar based water as a service

Not Suitable

The district has a rather low concentration of small and marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area. Moreover, groundwater availability is below the safe limit, making it extremely difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.72 57
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 84% 47
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 50% 41

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has a comparatively high disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers and a relatively high proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area. But groundwater availability below safe limit and a rather low concentration of marginal farmers limits the demand for 1 HP and sub-HP pumps in the district.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 6% 52
Water Availability Index 0.72 57
Proportion of marginal cultivators 59% 43
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 21.5 46

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)

The relatively low share of oilseeds and oil palm crops under gross sown area in the district makes it a suitable candidate for promoting NMOOP. Solar pumps could meet irrigation needs for these crops and help farmers diversify their yields beyond cereals.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under oilseeds as a share of total cropped area 1% 24

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 47% 83

Nalgonda, Telangana
Summary
Number of operational holdings
757,053
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
1.19
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
121,397
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
330,743
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
326
92
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
6%
52
Water Availability Index
0.72
57
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,665
82
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
132,025
69
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
4.24
17
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
21.5
46
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
2,405
69
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.67
78