Muktsar, Punjab | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Muktsar, Punjab

Horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area in the district, diminishing the economic viability of solar pumps here. Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. The average monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households is relatively high for the district, suggesting higher purchasing capacity of the farmers here. For average crop revenue per holding, the district appears among the top 25 percentile of districts, implying higher investment capacity of the farmers here. The district has a relatively high penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, facilitating higher access to institutional credit for farmers. The number of medium and long-term institutional loans disbursed in the district is comparatively large, suggesting the availability of credit amongst farmers for potential investments. There is a comparatively low level of farm mechanization, possibly due to low awareness or poor outlook towards progressive technologies amongst the farmers here. It has a relatively low proportion of small and marginal farmers.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has ground water available within the safe limit, high crop revenue per holding, and a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit, but has a comparatively low concentration of diesel pump users, indicating potentially low demand for the private ownership of solar pumps.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 17,010 50
Water Availability Index 1 100
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 1,174,933 100
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 695.5 96

Solarisation of feeders

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps and a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation but its DISCOM has a relatively low bulk power purchase rate. As the power purchase rate of the DISCOM increases going forward, solarisation of the feeders may become economically viable in the district.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 2.89 7
Extent of feeder segregation 95% 65
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 89% 99

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within the safe limit. But, a rather low concentration of small and marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area make it difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 9% 1
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 0% 0

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within the safe limit. But, a rather low concentration of marginal farmers, a comparatively low disbursement of institutional credit to them and a relatively low proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area limit the demand for 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 2% 24
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of marginal cultivators 3% 2
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 695.5 96

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 2% 24

National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)

The relatively low share of oilseeds and oil palm crops under gross sown area in the district makes it a suitable candidate for promoting NMOOP. Solar pumps could meet irrigation needs for these crops and help farmers diversify their yields beyond cereals.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under oilseeds as a share of total cropped area 0% 4

Muktsar, Punjab
Summary
Number of operational holdings
34,049
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
6.56
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
17,010
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
30,302
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
0
0
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
2%
24
Water Availability Index
1
100
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
3,163
99
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
1,174,933
100
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
38.47
97
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
695.5
96
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
4,725
90
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.07
24