Mahoba, Uttar Pradesh | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Mahoba, Uttar Pradesh

Horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area in the district, diminishing the economic viability of solar pumps here. Overall, the water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is critical since the resource is overexploited, jeopardizing the long-term sustainability of solar pumps. The average monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households is relatively low for the district, suggesting poor purchasing capacity of the farmers here. It has a relatively low penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, impeding access to institutional credit for farmers. The number of medium and long-term institutional loans disbursed in the district is comparatively large, suggesting the availability of credit amongst farmers for potential investments. The district appears in the group of districts, which are (very) highly vulnerable towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Suitable
Solar based water as a service Not Suitable
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Not Suitable
Solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps Limited suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit and a comparatively high concentration of diesel pump users. However, ground water availability is below the safe limit, and crop revenue per holding is low, making it very difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 33,647 66
Water Availability Index 0.25 17
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 74,857 47
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 28.9 50

Solarisation of feeders

Suitable

Given the relatively high cost of power supply for the respective DISCOM, a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation, and a high penetration of electric pumps, solarisation of the feeders would be a recommended way to promote solar-powered irrigation in the district. It would ensure the rapid and cost effective solarisation of irrigation power at a large scale.

Parameter Value Percentile
Actual cost of power supply (INR/kWh) 6.54 80
Extent of feeder segregation 2% 21
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 10% 55

Solar based water as a service

Not Suitable

The district has a rather low concentration of small and marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area. Moreover, groundwater availability is below the safe limit, making it extremely difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.25 17
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 75% 31
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 54% 46

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Not Suitable

The district has a comparatively high disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers. But, a rather low concentration of marginal farmers, a relatively low proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area, and groundwater availability below the safe limit make it extremely difficult to promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 1% 9
Water Availability Index 0.25 17
Proportion of marginal cultivators 52% 35
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 28.9 50

Solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps

Limited suitability

The district has a relatively high rate of power subsidy for agriculture consumers, a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation, and a high penetration of electric pumps. However, the groundwater availability is below the safe limits. State should be cautious in promoting solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps as it may aggrevate the groundwater depletion

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.25 17
Actual cost of power supply (INR/kWh) 6.54 80
Extent of feeder segregation 2% 21

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 1% 9

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 34% 68

Mahoba, Uttar Pradesh
Summary
Number of operational holdings
148,307
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
1.51
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
33,647
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
15,297
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
118
69
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
1%
9
Water Availability Index
0.25
17
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
951
23
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
74,857
47
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
4.25
17
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
28.9
50
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
1,750
58
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.39
61

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