Kota, Rajasthan | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Kota, Rajasthan

It has a relatively small proportion of its net sown area unirrigated, indicating poor irrigation demand. Overall, the water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is critical since the resource is overexploited, jeopardizing the long-term sustainability of solar pumps. For average crop revenue per holding, the district appears among the top 25 percentile of districts, implying higher investment capacity of the farmers here.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Not Suitable
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Not Suitable

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has a comparatively high concentration of diesel pump users, high crop revenue per holding, and a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit. However, groundwater availability is below the safe limit. Water conservation and efficient irrigation practices (such as drip irrigation) should be promoted to improve the viability of solar pumps.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 46,880 74
Water Availability Index 0.25 17
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 182,056 82
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 139.7 74

Solarisation of feeders

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps, and its DISCOM has a rather high bulk power purchase rate, but the district has a comparatively low extent of feeder segregation. Solarisation of the feeders will only be possible once the district separates agricultural feeders from the rest.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 4.07 48
Extent of feeder segregation 13% 30
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 28% 76

Solar based water as a service

Not Suitable

The district has a rather low concentration of small and marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area. Moreover, groundwater availability is below the safe limit, making it extremely difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.25 17
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 57% 11
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 13% 15

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Not Suitable

Groundwater availability in the district is below the safe limit, the concentration of marginal farmers is rather low, disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers is also comparatively low, and the proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area is relatively low, making it extremely difficult to promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 5% 46
Water Availability Index 0.25 17
Proportion of marginal cultivators 30% 13
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 139.7 74

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 5% 46

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 41% 76

Kota, Rajasthan
Summary
Number of operational holdings
111,037
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
2.47
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
46,880
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
31,404
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
34
36
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
5%
46
Water Availability Index
0.25
17
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,420
66
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
182,056
82
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
8.92
64
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
139.7
74
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
1,088
44
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.42
63