Koppal, Karnataka | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Koppal, Karnataka

Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. The number of medium and long-term institutional loans disbursed in the district is comparatively large, suggesting the availability of credit amongst farmers for potential investments. There is a comparatively low level of farm mechanization, possibly due to low awareness or poor outlook towards progressive technologies amongst the farmers here. The district appears in the group of districts, which are (very) highly vulnerable towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps Limited suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has ground water available within the safe limit, high crop revenue per holding, and a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit, but has a comparatively low concentration of diesel pump users, indicating potentially low demand for the private ownership of solar pumps.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 2,629 26
Water Availability Index 0.89 79
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 82,183 50
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 104 68

Solarisation of feeders

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps and a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation but its DISCOM incurs a relatively low cost for supplying power. As the power purchase rate of the DISCOM increases going forward, solarisation of the feeders may become economically viable in the district.

Parameter Value Percentile
Actual cost of power supply (INR/kWh) 5.57 32
Extent of feeder segregation 62% 57
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 21% 71

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability is within the safe limit in this district and the proportion of unirrigated area is high. However, a comparatively low concentration of small and marginal farmers indicates low demand for water as a service.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.89 79
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 65% 17
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 73% 63

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has a comparatively high disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers and groundwater availability is within the safe limit. But, a rather low concentration of marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area limits the suitability of 1 HP and sub-HP pumps in the district.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 5% 45
Water Availability Index 0.89 79
Proportion of marginal cultivators 31% 14
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 104 68

Solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps

Limited suitability

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps, ground water available within the safe limits and a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation. But the relatively low power subsidy for agriculural consumers make solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps an inefficient way of enhancing solar pumps in the district.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.89 79
Actual cost of power supply (INR/kWh) 5.57 32
Extent of feeder segregation 62% 57

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Har Khet ko Pani

A relatively high proportion of the net sown area in the district is unirrigated, indicating high irrigation demand. Solar pumps can help improve access to underground irrigation as part of Har Khet ko Pani.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 73% 63

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Intensity

A relatively high proportion of the district’s net sown area is unirrigated. Lack of access to irrigation is one of the major barriers to growing crops beyond two conventional seasons, rabi and kharif. Ensuring irrigation access through solar power will help improve cropping intensity and move towards the aim of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 73% 63

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 5% 45

Koppal, Karnataka
Summary
Number of operational holdings
218,068
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
2.05
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
2,629
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
45,735
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
302
90
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
5%
45
Water Availability Index
0.89
79
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,100
39
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
82,183
50
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
6.42
43
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
104
68
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
816
38
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.04
19

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Karnataka