Kanpur Nagar, Uttar Pradesh | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Kanpur Nagar, Uttar Pradesh

It has a relatively small proportion of its net sown area unirrigated, indicating poor irrigation demand. There is a comparatively high level of farm mechanization in the district, implying a positive outlook towards progressive technologies amongst the farmers. The district has a relatively high proportion of small and marginal farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which show (very) low vulnerability towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Not Suitable
Solar based water as a service Not Suitable
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit and a comparatively high concentration of diesel pump users. However, ground water availability is below the safe limit, and crop revenue per holding is low, making it very difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 30,282 63
Water Availability Index 0.55 41
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 56,721 38
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 130.3 72

Solarisation of feeders

Not Suitable

The district has a relatively high extent of feeder segregation. But, a rather low bulk power purchase rate for the respective DISCOM and a comparatively low penetration of electric pumps make solarisation of the feeders an economically difficult and inefficient way to enhance solar for irrigation in the district.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 4.37 79
Extent of feeder segregation 2% 21
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 0% 0

Solar based water as a service

Not Suitable

The concentration of small and marginal farmers is rather high in the district, but groundwater availability is below the safe limit. In addition, a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area makes it very difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here, unless it undercuts the price of water from existing sources, and improves water utilisation through promotion of micro-irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.55 41
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 93% 71
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 17% 19

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area under horticulture crops, a high concentration of marginal farmers and a comparatively high disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers, but groundwater availability is below the safe limit. Water conservation and efficient irrigation practices (such as drip irrigation) should be promoted to improve the viability of small capacity pumps.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 9% 60
Water Availability Index 0.55 41
Proportion of marginal cultivators 81% 78
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 130.3 72

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Capital Investment

Given the high concentration of small and marginal farmers, and their relatively better access to institutional credit, the district is suitable for doubling farmers’ income through capital investment. Solar pumps could be one of the farm technologies to invest in for farmers, especially 1 HP or sub-HP pumps for marginal farmers.

Parameter Value Percentile
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 93% 71
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year to small and marginal cultivators (in INR Crore) 130.3 72

Kanpur Nagar, Uttar Pradesh
Summary
Number of operational holdings
253,044
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
0.73
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
30,282
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
297
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
30
33
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
9%
60
Water Availability Index
0.55
41
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
987
27
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
56,721
38
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
5.37
31
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
130.3
72
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
2,638
72
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.66
78