Kabeerdham, Chhattisgarh | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Kabeerdham, Chhattisgarh

Horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area in the district, diminishing the economic viability of solar pumps here. The average monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households is relatively low for the district, suggesting poor purchasing capacity of the farmers here. It has a relatively low penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, impeding access to institutional credit for farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which are (very) highly vulnerable towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Not Suitable
Solarisation of feeders Not Suitable
Solar based water as a service Not Suitable
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Not Suitable
Solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps Not suitable

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Not Suitable

The district has ground water available below the safe limit, a comparatively low concentration of diesel pump users, low crop revenue per holding, and a relatively low disbursement of institutional credit, making it extremely difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 1,393 21
Water Availability Index 0.75 59
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 38,709 26
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 26 48

Solarisation of feeders

Not Suitable

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps. But, a rather low cost of power supply for the respective DISCOM and a comparatively low extent of feeder segregation make it very difficult to solarise the feeders here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Actual cost of power supply (INR/kWh) 4.79 11
Extent of feeder segregation 41% 38
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 19% 67

Solar based water as a service

Not Suitable

The district has a rather low concentration of small and marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area. Moreover, groundwater availability is below the safe limit, making it extremely difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.75 59
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 81% 40
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 65% 53

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Not Suitable

Groundwater availability in the district is below the safe limit, the concentration of marginal farmers is rather low, disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers is also comparatively low, and the proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area is relatively low, making it extremely difficult to promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 2% 26
Water Availability Index 0.75 59
Proportion of marginal cultivators 60% 45
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 26 48

Solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps

Not suitable

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps. But, a relatively low agriculture power subsidy, groundwater level below safe limits and a comparatively low extent of feeder segregation make it very difficult to solarise individual grid-connected pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.75 59
Actual cost of power supply (INR/kWh) 4.79 11
Extent of feeder segregation 41% 38

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 2% 26

Kabeerdham, Chhattisgarh
Summary
Number of operational holdings
150,391
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
1.33
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
1,393
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
28,574
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
126
70
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
2%
26
Water Availability Index
0.75
59
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
916
19
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
38,709
26
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
4.12
15
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
26
48
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
958
41
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.3
55

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