Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh

Horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area in the district, diminishing the economic viability of solar pumps here. It has a relatively low penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, impeding access to institutional credit for farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which are (very) highly vulnerable towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Not Suitable
Solar based water as a service Not Suitable
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Not Suitable

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit and a comparatively high concentration of diesel pump users. However, ground water availability is below the safe limit, and crop revenue per holding is low, making it very difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 75,664 83
Water Availability Index 0.75 59
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 64,263 42
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 66.9 62

Solarisation of feeders

Not Suitable

The district has a relatively high extent of feeder segregation. But, a rather low bulk power purchase rate for the respective DISCOM and a comparatively low penetration of electric pumps make solarisation of the feeders an economically difficult and inefficient way to enhance solar for irrigation in the district.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 4.37 79
Extent of feeder segregation 2% 21
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 0% 0

Solar based water as a service

Not Suitable

The district has a rather low concentration of small and marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area. Moreover, groundwater availability is below the safe limit, making it extremely difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.75 59
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 81% 40
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 33% 29

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Not Suitable

The district has a comparatively high disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers. But, a rather low concentration of marginal farmers, a relatively low proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area, and groundwater availability below the safe limit make it extremely difficult to promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 1% 13
Water Availability Index 0.75 59
Proportion of marginal cultivators 62% 47
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 66.9 62

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 1% 13

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 31% 64

Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh
Summary
Number of operational holdings
253,781
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
1.31
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
75,664
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
689
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
105
65
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
1%
13
Water Availability Index
0.75
59
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,083
37
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
64,263
42
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
4.22
16
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
66.9
62
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
4,321
88
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.34
58