Jalor, Rajasthan | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Jalor, Rajasthan

Overall, the water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is critical since the resource is overexploited, jeopardizing the long-term sustainability of solar pumps. The average monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households is relatively high for the district, suggesting higher purchasing capacity of the farmers here. The number of medium and long-term institutional loans disbursed in the district is comparatively large, suggesting the availability of credit amongst farmers for potential investments. It has a relatively low proportion of small and marginal farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which are (very) highly vulnerable towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Not Suitable
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Not Suitable

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit and high crop revenue per holding. However, ground water availability is below the safe limit, and concentration of diesel pump users is comparatively low, making it very difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 13,627 47
Water Availability Index 0.25 17
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 93,099 55
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 329.7 88

Solarisation of feeders

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps, and its DISCOM has a rather high bulk power purchase rate, but the district has a comparatively low extent of feeder segregation. Solarisation of the feeders will only be possible once the district separates agricultural feeders from the rest.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 4.13 63
Extent of feeder segregation 40% 36
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 35% 82

Solar based water as a service

Not Suitable

The district has a relatively high proportion of unirrigated area. But, the concentration of small and marginal farmers is rather low and groundwater availability is below the safe limit, making it very difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.25 17
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 29% 6
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 56% 47

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Not Suitable

The district has a relatively high proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area. But, a rather low concentration of marginal farmers, a comparatively low disbursement of institutional credit to them, and groundwater availability below the safe limit make it extremely difficult to promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 15% 72
Water Availability Index 0.25 17
Proportion of marginal cultivators 10% 5
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 329.7 88

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Har Khet ko Pani

A relatively high proportion of the net sown area in the district is unirrigated, indicating high irrigation demand. Solar pumps can help improve access to underground irrigation as part of Har_Khet_ko_Pani.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 56% 47

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Intensity

A relatively high proportion of the district’s net sown area is unirrigated. Lack of access to irrigation is one of the major barriers to growing crops beyond two conventional seasons, rabi and kharif. Ensuring irrigation access through solar power will help improve cropping intensity and move towards the aim of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 56% 47

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 37% 71

Jalor, Rajasthan
Summary
Number of operational holdings
161,815
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
4.84
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
13,627
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
56,979
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
391
94
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
15%
72
Water Availability Index
0.25
17
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,725
83
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
93,099
55
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
9.08
65
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
329.7
88
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
3,162
79
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.26
52