Jalaun, Uttar Pradesh | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Jalaun, Uttar Pradesh

Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. It has a relatively low penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, impeding access to institutional credit for farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which are (very) highly vulnerable towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has ground water available within the safe limit and a comparatively high concentration of diesel pump users. However, low crop revenue per holding, and the relatively low disbursement of institutional credit would make it difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 84,045 84
Water Availability Index 1 100
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 58,853 39
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 16 42

Solarisation of feeders

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps, and its DISCOM has a rather high bulk power purchase rate, but the district has a comparatively low extent of feeder segregation. Solarisation of the feeders will only be possible once the district separates agricultural feeders from the rest.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 4.37 79
Extent of feeder segregation 2% 21
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 7% 48

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within the safe limit. But, a rather low concentration of small and marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area make it difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 77% 34
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 43% 35

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within the safe limit. But, a rather low concentration of marginal farmers, a comparatively low disbursement of institutional credit to them and a relatively low proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area limit the demand for 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 2% 30
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of marginal cultivators 54% 37
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 16 42

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 2% 30

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 32% 65

Jalaun, Uttar Pradesh
Summary
Number of operational holdings
251,580
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
1.44
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
84,045
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
17,559
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
147
73
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
2%
30
Water Availability Index
1
100
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,052
34
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
58,853
39
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
3.82
11
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
16
42
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
3,605
83
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.46
65