Jagatsinghapur, Odisha | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Jagatsinghapur, Odisha

Horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area in the district, diminishing the economic viability of solar pumps here. Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. The average monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households is relatively low for the district, suggesting poor purchasing capacity of the farmers here. The district has a relatively high penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, facilitating higher access to institutional credit for farmers. There is a comparatively high level of farm mechanization in the district, implying a positive outlook towards progressive technologies amongst the farmers. The district has a relatively high proportion of small and marginal farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which show (very) low vulnerability towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has ground water available within the safe limit. But, a comparatively low concentration of diesel pump users, low crop revenue per holding, and a relatively low disbursement of institutional credit make it very difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 8,129 38
Water Availability Index 1 100
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 17,517 8
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 13.2 40

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within safe limit and the concentration of small and marginal farmers is comparatively high, but the proportion of unirrigated area is relatively low. A solar-based water service will have to compete with existing sources of irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 97% 89
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 33% 29

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has groundwater availability within safe limit, a rather high concentration of marginal farmers, and a comparatively high disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers, but the proportion gross cropped area under horticulture crops is relatively low. Farmers should be incentivised to grow horticulture crops based on the agro-economic suitability of the region and market linkages to improve their revenue, making small sized pumps viable, by improving their capacity utilisation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 0% 4
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of marginal cultivators 84% 83
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 13.2 40

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Capital Investment

Given the high concentration of small and marginal farmers, and their relatively better access to institutional credit, the district is suitable for doubling farmers’ income through capital investment. Solar pumps could be one of the farm technologies to invest in for farmers, especially 1 HP or sub-HP pumps for marginal farmers.

Parameter Value Percentile
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 97% 89
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year to small and marginal cultivators (in INR Crore) 13.2 40

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 0% 4

National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)

The relatively low share of oilseeds and oil palm crops under gross sown area in the district makes it a suitable candidate for promoting NMOOP. Solar pumps could meet irrigation needs for these crops and help farmers diversify their yields beyond cereals.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under oilseeds as a share of total cropped area 0% 3

Jagatsinghapur, Odisha
Summary
Number of operational holdings
122,865
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
0.71
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
8,129
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
2,030
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
29
32
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
0%
4
Water Availability Index
1
100
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
839
11
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
17,517
8
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
13.35
82
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
13.2
40
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
1,286
50
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
1.06
91