Indore, Madhya Pradesh | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Indore, Madhya Pradesh

It has a relatively small proportion of its net sown area unirrigated, indicating poor irrigation demand. Overall, the water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is critical since the resource is overexploited, jeopardizing the long-term sustainability of solar pumps. For average crop revenue per holding, the district appears among the top 25 percentile of districts, implying higher investment capacity of the farmers here.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Not Suitable
Solarisation of feeders Suitable
Solar based water as a service Not Suitable
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Not Suitable

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Not Suitable

The district has high crop revenue per holding overall. But, ground water availability is below the safe limit, the concentration of diesel pump users is comparatively low, and disbursement of institutional credit is also relatively low, making it extremely difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 11,572 44
Water Availability Index 0.13 8
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 232,986 87
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 3.3 30

Solarisation of feeders

Suitable

Given the relatively high bullk power purchase rate for the respective DISCOM, a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation, and a high penetration of electric pumps, solarisation of the feeders would be a recommended way to promote solar-powered irrigation in the district. It would ensure the rapid and cost effective solarisation of irrigation power at a large scale.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 4.05 46
Extent of feeder segregation 100% 69
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 36% 83

Solar based water as a service

Not Suitable

The district has a rather low concentration of small and marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area. Moreover, groundwater availability is below the safe limit, making it extremely difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.13 8
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 69% 22
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 20% 22

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Not Suitable

The district has a relatively high proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area. But, a rather low concentration of marginal farmers, a comparatively low disbursement of institutional credit to them, and groundwater availability below the safe limit make it extremely difficult to promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 8% 59
Water Availability Index 0.13 8
Proportion of marginal cultivators 44% 26
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 3.3 30

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 55% 90

Indore, Madhya Pradesh
Summary
Number of operational holdings
129,170
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
1.89
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
11,572
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
46,884
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
48
46
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
8%
59
Water Availability Index
0.13
8
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,254
54
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
232,986
87
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
11.38
74
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
3.3
30
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
1,057
43
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.25
51