Harda, Madhya Pradesh | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Harda, Madhya Pradesh

It has a relatively small proportion of its net sown area unirrigated, indicating poor irrigation demand. Horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area in the district, diminishing the economic viability of solar pumps here. Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. For average crop revenue per holding, the district appears among the top 25 percentile of districts, implying higher investment capacity of the farmers here. The district has a relatively high penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, facilitating higher access to institutional credit for farmers. It has a relatively low proportion of small and marginal farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which show (very) low vulnerability towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Suitable
Solarisation of feeders Suitable
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Suitable

Availability of groundwater within the safe limit, a comparatively high concentration of diesel pump users, a relatively high crop revenue per holding, and institutional credit disbursed in relatively large amounts in the district make it a suitable candidate for the promotion of solar-based irrigation through the private ownership of solar pumps. Private ownership provides easy and reliable access to irrigation for farmers.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 20,640 55
Water Availability Index 1 100
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 307,299 92
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 95.2 67

Solarisation of feeders

Suitable

Given the relatively high bullk power purchase rate for the respective DISCOM, a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation, and a high penetration of electric pumps, solarisation of the feeders would be a recommended way to promote solar-powered irrigation in the district. It would ensure the rapid and cost effective solarisation of irrigation power at a large scale.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 4 45
Extent of feeder segregation 94% 61
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 38% 85

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within the safe limit. But, a rather low concentration of small and marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area make it difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 45% 9
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 15% 17

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within the safe limit. But, a rather low concentration of marginal farmers, a comparatively low disbursement of institutional credit to them and a relatively low proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area limit the demand for 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 0% 6
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of marginal cultivators 18% 9
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 95.2 67

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 0% 6

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 26% 55

Harda, Madhya Pradesh
Summary
Number of operational holdings
50,811
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
3.29
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
20,640
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
19,557
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
23
27
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
0%
6
Water Availability Index
1
100
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,135
44
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
307,299
92
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
17.12
88
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
95.2
67
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
607
32
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.09
28