Haora, West Bengal | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Haora, West Bengal

Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. For average crop revenue per holding, the district appears among the top 25 percentile of districts, implying higher investment capacity of the farmers here. The district has a relatively high penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, facilitating higher access to institutional credit for farmers. The district has a relatively high proportion of small and marginal farmers.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has ground water available within the safe limit, a comparatively high concentration of diesel pump users, and high crop revenue per holding, but has a relatively low disbursement of institutional credit. Long-term bank loans should be promoted in the district to enable the adoption of capital-intensive farm technologies, including solar pumps.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 110,220 87
Water Availability Index 1 100
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 158,551 77
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 26.3 49

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within safe limit and the concentration of small and marginal farmers is comparatively high, but the proportion of unirrigated area is relatively low. A solar-based water service will have to compete with existing sources of irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 100% 99
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 31% 29

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area, high concentration of marginal farmers and groundwater availability within the safe limit, but disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers is comparatively low. Greater support, either through subsidies or credit, would be required to enable marginal farmers to adopt solar pumps.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 16% 73
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of marginal cultivators 93% 95
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 26.3 49

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Capital Investment

Given the high concentration of small and marginal farmers, and their relatively better access to institutional credit, the district is suitable for doubling farmers’ income through capital investment. Solar pumps could be one of the farm technologies to invest in for farmers, especially 1 HP or sub-HP pumps for marginal farmers.

Parameter Value Percentile
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 100% 99
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year to small and marginal cultivators (in INR Crore) 26.3 49

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 24% 51

Haora, West Bengal
Summary
Number of operational holdings
225,084
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
0.42
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
110,220
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
9,810
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
28
31
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
16%
73
Water Availability Index
1
100
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,391
63
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
158,551
77
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
12.04
77
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
26.3
49
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
651
33
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.54
69