Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh - Solar Pumps Tool | Solar Pumps Tool

Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh

In the district, a relatively large proportion of the net sown area is unirrigated, indicating high irrigation demand. Horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area in the district, diminishing the economic viability of solar pumps here. The average monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households is relatively high for the district, suggesting higher purchasing capacity of the farmers here. There is a comparatively low level of farm mechanization, possibly due to low awareness or poor outlook towards progressive technologies amongst the farmers here. The district has a relatively high proportion of small and marginal farmers.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Not Suitable
Solar based water as a service Limited SUitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Not Suitable

The district has high crop revenue per holding overall. But, ground water availability is below the safe limit, the concentration of diesel pump users is comparatively low, and disbursement of institutional credit is also relatively low, making it extremely difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 20 9
Water Availability Index 1 100
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 61,004 40
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 13.3 41

Solar based water as a service

Limited SUitability

The district has a relatively high concentration of small and marginal farmers, and a rather high proportion of unirrigated area, but groundwater availability is below the safe limit. Water conservation and efficient irrigation practices (such as drip irrigation) should be considered while promoting solar-based water as a service, in order to improve the economic viability of the model, increase water availability, and decrease the effective cost of irrigation in the district.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 88% 55
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 96% 92

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

The concentration of marginal farmers in the district is rather high and the disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers is also comparatively high. But, groundwater availability is below the safe limit and proportion of gross cropped area under horticulture is relatively low, making viability of small pumps difficult. Such pumps can be promoted in suitable areas of the district along with promotion of micro-irrigation as well as horticultural crops.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 1% 10
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of marginal cultivators 69% 58
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 13.3 41

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Har Khet ko Pani

A relatively high proportion of the net sown area in the district is unirrigated, indicating high irrigation demand. Solar pumps can help improve access to underground irrigation as part of Har_Khet_ko_Pani.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 96% 92

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Capital Investment

Given the high concentration of small and marginal farmers, and their relatively better access to institutional credit, the district is suitable for doubling farmers’ income through capital investment. Solar pumps could be one of the farm technologies to invest in for farmers, especially 1 HP or sub-HP pumps for marginal farmers.

Parameter Value Percentile
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 88% 55
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year to small and marginal cultivators (in INR Crore) 13.3 41

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Intensity

A relatively high proportion of the district’s net sown area is unirrigated. Lack of access to irrigation is one of the major barriers to growing crops beyond two conventional seasons, rabi and kharif. Ensuring irrigation access through solar power will help improve cropping intensity and move towards the aim of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 96% 92

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 1% 10

Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation – Farm Power Availability

There is a comparatively low level of farm mechanisation in the district and a relatively low proportion of electric pump users, indicating an opportunity to increase the exisiting level of mechanisation through solar based irrigation. Solar powered irrigation could be deployed under the Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation to improve farm power availability.

Parameter Value Percentile
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha) 0.03 15
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 0% 0

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 1% 4

Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh
Summary
Number of operational holdings
76,137
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
0.95
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
20
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
0
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
36
38
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
1%
10
Water Availability Index
1
100
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,618
78
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
61,004
40
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
17.07
87
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
13.3
41
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
496
28
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.03
15