Ganderbal, Jammu & Kashmir | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Ganderbal, Jammu & Kashmir

It has a relatively small proportion of its net sown area unirrigated, indicating poor irrigation demand. Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. The district has a relatively high proportion of small and marginal farmers.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Not Suitable
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has ground water available within the safe limit. But, a comparatively low concentration of diesel pump users, low crop revenue per holding, and a relatively low disbursement of institutional credit make it very difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 73 12
Water Availability Index 1 100
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 15,247 6
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 1.2 26

Solarisation of feeders

Not Suitable

The district has a relatively high extent of feeder segregation. But, a rather low bulk power purchase rate for the respective DISCOM and a comparatively low penetration of electric pumps make solarisation of the feeders an economically difficult and inefficient way to enhance solar for irrigation in the district.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 3.79 34
Extent of feeder segregation 0% 0
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 0% 0

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within safe limit and the concentration of small and marginal farmers is comparatively high, but the proportion of unirrigated area is relatively low. A solar-based water service will have to compete with existing sources of irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 100% 99
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 18% 20

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area, high concentration of marginal farmers and groundwater availability within the safe limit, but disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers is comparatively low. Greater support, either through subsidies or credit, would be required to enable marginal farmers to adopt solar pumps.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 16% 74
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of marginal cultivators 97% 99
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 1.2 26

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 27% 58

Ganderbal, Jammu & Kashmir
Summary
Number of operational holdings
39,777
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
0.38
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
73
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
0
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
3
8
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
16%
74
Water Availability Index
1
100
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,481
71
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
15,247
6
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
9.3
67
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
1.2
26
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
1,028
42
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.41
62