Durg, Chhattisgarh | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Durg, Chhattisgarh

The district has a relatively high proportion of small and marginal farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which are (very) highly vulnerable towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Not Suitable
Solarisation of feeders Not Suitable
Solar based water as a service Not Suitable
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Not Suitable
Solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps Not suitable

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Not Suitable

The district has a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit, but ground water availability is below the safe limit, the concentration of diesel pump users is comparatively low, and crop revenue per holding is also low, making it extremely difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 14,531 48
Water Availability Index 0.65 52
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 39,590 27
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 51.5 58

Solarisation of feeders

Not Suitable

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps. But, a rather low cost of power supply for the respective DISCOM and a comparatively low extent of feeder segregation make it very difficult to solarise the feeders here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Actual cost of power supply (INR/kWh) 4.79 11
Extent of feeder segregation 41% 38
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 9% 53

Solar based water as a service

Not Suitable

The concentration of small and marginal farmers is rather high in the district, but groundwater availability is below the safe limit. In addition, a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area makes it very difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here, unless it undercuts the price of water from existing sources, and improves water utilisation through promotion of micro-irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.65 52
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 83% 45
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 55% 46

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Not Suitable

Groundwater availability in the district is below the safe limit, the concentration of marginal farmers is rather low, disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers is also comparatively low, and the proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area is relatively low, making it extremely difficult to promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 3% 37
Water Availability Index 0.65 52
Proportion of marginal cultivators 61% 46
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 51.5 58

Solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps

Not suitable

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps. But, a relatively low agriculture power subsidy, groundwater level below safe limits and a comparatively low extent of feeder segregation make it very difficult to solarise individual grid-connected pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.65 52
Actual cost of power supply (INR/kWh) 4.79 11
Extent of feeder segregation 41% 38

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 3% 37

National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)

The relatively low share of oilseeds and oil palm crops under gross sown area in the district makes it a suitable candidate for promoting NMOOP. Solar pumps could meet irrigation needs for these crops and help farmers diversify their yields beyond cereals.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under oilseeds as a share of total cropped area 50

Climate Resilient Farming for Small Farms

Given the high concentration of small and marginal farmers—the most vulnerable group to climate change—and a high score on climate change vulnerability index provided by CRIDA*, the district is suitable for promoting climate resilient farming for small-sized farms. Solar pumps would assist in the same through low-carbon agriculture.

Parameter Value Percentile
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 83% 45
Score on Climate Change Vulnerability Index 0.46 59

Durg, Chhattisgarh
Summary
Number of operational holdings
452,555
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
1.27
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
14,531
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
40,631
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
307
90
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
3%
37
Water Availability Index
0.65
52
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,265
55
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
39,590
27
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
5.15
28
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
51.5
58
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
2,261
67
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.26
52

By
Published
Updated