Dhamtari, Chhattisgarh - Solar Pumps Tool | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Dhamtari, Chhattisgarh

Horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area in the district, diminishing the economic viability of solar pumps here. The average monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households is relatively low for the district, suggesting poor purchasing capacity of the farmers here. It has a relatively low penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, impeding access to institutional credit for farmers. The district has a relatively high proportion of small and marginal farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which show (very) low vulnerability towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Not Suitable
Solar based water as a service Not Suitable
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Not Suitable

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Not Suitable

The district has ground water available below the safe limit, a comparatively low concentration of diesel pump users, low crop revenue per holding, and a relatively low disbursement of institutional credit, making it extremely difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 2,240 24
Water Availability Index 0.75 59
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 43,849 30
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 5.1 32

Solar based water as a service

Not Suitable

The concentration of small and marginal farmers is rather high in the district, but groundwater availability is below the safe limit. In addition, a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area makes it very difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here, unless it undercuts the price of water from existing sources, and improves water utilisation through promotion of micro-irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.75 59
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 88% 55
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 28% 27

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Not Suitable

The district has a rather high concentration of marginal farmers. But, a relatively low proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area, a comparatively low disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers, and groundwater availability below the safe limit make it extremely difficult to promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here. Such pumps can be promoted only if clubbed with micro-irrigation along with support to farmers for pump adoption and undertaking horticulture.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 2% 25
Water Availability Index 0.75 59
Proportion of marginal cultivators 66% 53
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 5.1 32

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 2% 25

National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)

The relatively low share of oilseeds and oil palm crops under gross sown area in the district makes it a suitable candidate for promoting NMOOP. Solar pumps could meet irrigation needs for these crops and help farmers diversify their yields beyond cereals.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under oilseeds as a share of total cropped area 0.01 16

Dhamtari, Chhattisgarh
Summary
Number of operational holdings
136,237
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
1.01
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
2,240
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
21,393
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
39
41
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
2%
25
Water Availability Index
0.75
59
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
896
17
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
43,849
30
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
4.4
19
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
5.1
32
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
471
27
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.54
69