Damoh, Madhya Pradesh | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Damoh, Madhya Pradesh

Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. The average monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households is relatively high for the district, suggesting higher purchasing capacity of the farmers here. It has a relatively low penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, impeding access to institutional credit for farmers. The number of medium and long-term institutional loans disbursed in the district is comparatively large, suggesting the availability of credit amongst farmers for potential investments. The district appears in the group of districts, which are (very) highly vulnerable towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Suitable
Solarisation of feeders Suitable
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps Suitable

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Suitable

Availability of groundwater within the safe limit, a comparatively high concentration of diesel pump users, a relatively high crop revenue per holding, and institutional credit disbursed in relatively large amounts in the district make it a suitable candidate for the promotion of solar-based irrigation through the private ownership of solar pumps. Private ownership provides easy and reliable access to irrigation for farmers.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 20,573 55
Water Availability Index 0.86 73
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 98,527 57
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 311.3 88

Solarisation of feeders

Suitable

Given the relatively high cost of power supply for the respective DISCOM, a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation, and a high penetration of electric pumps, solarisation of the feeders would be a recommended way to promote solar-powered irrigation in the district. It would ensure the rapid and cost effective solarisation of irrigation power at a large scale.

Parameter Value Percentile
Actual cost of power supply (INR/kWh) 6.09 56
Extent of feeder segregation
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 19% 67

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within the safe limit. But, a rather low concentration of small and marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area make it difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.86 73
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 75% 31
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 51% 42

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has a comparatively high disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers and groundwater availability is within the safe limit. But, a rather low concentration of marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area limits the suitability of 1 HP and sub-HP pumps in the district.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 0% 8
Water Availability Index 0.86 73
Proportion of marginal cultivators 48% 30
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 311.3 88

Solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps

Suitable

Given the relatively high rate of power subsidy for agriculture consumers, a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation, ground water available within the safe limits and a high penetration of electric pumps, solarisation of individual grid-connected pumps would be a recommended way to promote solar-powered irrigation in the district. It would ensure the rapid and cost effective solarisation of irrigation power at a large scale.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.86 73
Actual cost of power supply (INR/kWh) 6.09 56
Extent of feeder segregation

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 0% 8

National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)

The relatively low share of oilseeds and oil palm crops under gross sown area in the district makes it a suitable candidate for promoting NMOOP. Solar pumps could meet irrigation needs for these crops and help farmers diversify their yields beyond cereals.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under oilseeds as a share of total cropped area 49

Damoh, Madhya Pradesh
Summary
Number of operational holdings
172,161
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
1.67
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
20,573
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
33,431
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
142
73
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
0%
8
Water Availability Index
0.86
73
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,656
81
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
98,527
57
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
3.19
6
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
311.3
88
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
1,268
50
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.23
48

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