Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, raising the economic viability of solar pumps here. Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. The average monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households is relatively high for the district, suggesting higher purchasing capacity of the farmers here. The district has a relatively high penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, facilitating higher access to institutional credit for farmers. The district has a relatively high proportion of small and marginal farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which show (very) low vulnerability towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Suitable

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has ground water available within the safe limit, a comparatively high concentration of diesel pump users, and a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit, but low crop revenue per holding. Greater support, either through subsidies or credit, would be required to enable farmers to adopt solar pumps.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 55,561 77
Water Availability Index 0.85 85
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 16,665 16
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 103.2 68

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within safe limit and the concentration of small and marginal farmers is comparatively high, but the proportion of unirrigated area is relatively low. A solar-based water service will have to compete with existing sources of irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.85 85
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 91% 64
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 40% 33

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Suitable

1 HP and sub-HP pumps could help marginal farmers meet their needs in this district. A relatively high proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area, a rather high concentration of marginal farmers, a comparatively high disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers, and the availability of groundwater within the safe limit would drive the success of such small-sized pumps in the district. Such small pumps could also be put to use for lift irrigation, provided there is access to surface water.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 28% 90
Water Availability Index 0.85 85
Proportion of marginal cultivators 73% 65
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 103.2 68

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Capital Investment

Given the high concentration of small and marginal farmers, and their relatively better access to institutional credit, the district is suitable for doubling farmers’ income through capital investment. Solar pumps could be one of the farm technologies to invest in for farmers, especially 1 HP or sub-HP pumps for marginal farmers.

Parameter Value Percentile
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 91% 64
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year to small and marginal cultivators (in INR Crore) 103.2 68

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 66% 94

Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka
Summary
Number of operational holdings
208,250
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
0.86
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
55,561
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
163,128
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
54
49
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
69%
97
Water Availability Index
0.93
86
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
2,396
93
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
1,220,375
100
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
16.28
87
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
103.2
68
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
275
19
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.4
61