Burhanpur, Madhya Pradesh | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Burhanpur, Madhya Pradesh

Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. For average crop revenue per holding, the district appears among the top 25 percentile of districts, implying higher investment capacity of the farmers here.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Suitable
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has ground water available within the safe limit, high crop revenue per holding, and a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit, but has a comparatively low concentration of diesel pump users, indicating potentially low demand for the private ownership of solar pumps.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 2,265 25
Water Availability Index 1 100
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 1,083,628 99
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 102.4 68

Solarisation of feeders

Suitable

Given the relatively high bullk power purchase rate for the respective DISCOM, a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation, and a high penetration of electric pumps, solarisation of the feeders would be a recommended way to promote solar-powered irrigation in the district. It would ensure the rapid and cost effective solarisation of irrigation power at a large scale.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 4.05 46
Extent of feeder segregation 100% 69
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 14% 62

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability is within the safe limit in this district and the proportion of unirrigated area is high. However, a comparatively low concentration of small and marginal farmers indicates low demand for water as a service.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 66% 18
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 64% 53

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area, groundwater availability within the safe limit and a comparatively high disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers. But, the proportion of marginal farmers is rather low in the district, suggesting low demand for small-sized pumps.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 17% 75
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of marginal cultivators 30% 13
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 102.4 68

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Har Khet ko Pani

A relatively high proportion of the net sown area in the district is unirrigated, indicating high irrigation demand. Solar pumps can help improve access to underground irrigation as part of Har_Khet_ko_Pani.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 64% 53

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Intensity

A relatively high proportion of the district’s net sown area is unirrigated. Lack of access to irrigation is one of the major barriers to growing crops beyond two conventional seasons, rabi and kharif. Ensuring irrigation access through solar power will help improve cropping intensity and move towards the aim of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 64% 53

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 62% 92

Burhanpur, Madhya Pradesh
Summary
Number of operational holdings
52,142
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
2.05
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
2,265
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
7,198
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
65
53
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
17%
75
Water Availability Index
1
100
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,437
68
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
1,083,628
99
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
5.95
38
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
102.4
68
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
256
18
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.08
26