Bishnupur, Manipur | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Bishnupur, Manipur

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, raising the economic viability of solar pumps here. Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. For average crop revenue per holding, the district appears among the top 25 percentile of districts, implying higher investment capacity of the farmers here. The district has a relatively high penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, facilitating higher access to institutional credit for farmers. The number of medium and long-term institutional loans disbursed in the district is comparatively small, suggesting poor availability of credit amongst farmers for potential investments. There is a comparatively high level of farm mechanization in the district, implying a positive outlook towards progressive technologies amongst the farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which show (very) low vulnerability towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has high crop revenue per holding, and ground water available within the safe limit. But, a relatively low disbursement of institutional credit and comparatively low concentration of diesel pump users make it difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 1,124 20
Water Availability Index 1 100
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 262,313 90
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 0.4 22

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within the safe limit. But, a rather low concentration of small and marginal farmers and a relatively low proportion of unirrigated area make it difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 85% 48
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 44% 36

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has groundwater availability within safe limit and a relatively high proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area. But, a rather low concentration of marginal farmers, and a comparatively low disbursement of institutional credit to them make it difficult to promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 33% 88
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of marginal cultivators 42% 25
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 0.4 22

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)

The relatively low share of oilseeds and oil palm crops under gross sown area in the district makes it a suitable candidate for promoting NMOOP. Solar pumps could meet irrigation needs for these crops and help farmers diversify their yields beyond cereals.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under oilseeds as a share of total cropped area 0 0

Bishnupur, Manipur
Summary
Number of operational holdings
13,945
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
1.36
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
1,124
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
12,923
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
8
14
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
33%
88
Water Availability Index
1
100
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,048
34
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
262,313
90
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
12.19
79
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
0.4
22
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
85
11
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.61
75