Bijapur, Karnataka | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Bijapur, Karnataka

The district has a relatively high penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, facilitating higher access to institutional credit for farmers. There is a comparatively low level of farm mechanization, possibly due to low awareness or poor outlook towards progressive technologies amongst the farmers here. It has a relatively low proportion of small and marginal farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which are (very) highly vulnerable towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Not Suitable
Solarisation of feeders Suitable
Solar based water as a service Not Suitable
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Not Suitable

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Not Suitable

The district has a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit, but ground water availability is below the safe limit, the concentration of diesel pump users is comparatively low, and crop revenue per holding is also low, making it extremely difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 10,224 42
Water Availability Index 0.35 35
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 33,836 34
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 72.2 63

Solarisation of feeders

Suitable

Given the relatively high bullk power purchase rate for the respective DISCOM, a comparatively high extent of feeder segregation, and a high penetration of electric pumps, solarisation of the feeders would be a recommended way to promote solar-powered irrigation in the district. It would ensure the rapid and cost effective solarisation of irrigation power at a large scale.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 3.89 39
Extent of feeder segregation 89% 59
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 24% 73

Solar based water as a service

Not Suitable

The district has a relatively high proportion of unirrigated area. But, the concentration of small and marginal farmers is rather low and groundwater availability is below the safe limit, making it very difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.35 35
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 50% 10
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 64% 53

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Not Suitable

Groundwater availability in the district is below the safe limit, the concentration of marginal farmers is rather low, disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers is also comparatively low, and the proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area is relatively low, making it extremely difficult to promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 4% 47
Water Availability Index 0.35 35
Proportion of marginal cultivators 15% 8
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 72.2 63

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Har Khet ko Pani

A relatively high proportion of the net sown area in the district is unirrigated, indicating high irrigation demand. Solar pumps can help improve access to underground irrigation as part of Har Khet ko Pani.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 64% 53

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Intensity

A relatively high proportion of the district’s net sown area is unirrigated. Lack of access to irrigation is one of the major barriers to growing crops beyond two conventional seasons, rabi and kharif. Ensuring irrigation access through solar power will help improve cropping intensity and move towards the aim of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 64% 53

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 4% 47

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 25% 57

Bijapur, Karnataka
Summary
Number of operational holdings
342,165
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
2.79
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
10,224
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
83,629
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
542
97
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
4%
40
Water Availability Index
0.85
73
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,119
41
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
414,855
95
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
5.38
32
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
72.2
63
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
3,903
85
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.07
24