Bhilwara, Rajasthan | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Bhilwara, Rajasthan

Horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area in the district, diminishing the economic viability of solar pumps here. Overall, the water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is critical since the resource is overexploited, jeopardizing the long-term sustainability of solar pumps. It has a relatively low penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, impeding access to institutional credit for farmers. The number of medium and long-term institutional loans disbursed in the district is comparatively large, suggesting the availability of credit amongst farmers for potential investments. There is a comparatively high level of farm mechanization in the district, implying a positive outlook towards progressive technologies amongst the farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which are (very) highly vulnerable towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Not Suitable
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Not Suitable

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has a comparatively high concentration of diesel pump users, high crop revenue per holding, and a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit. However, groundwater availability is below the safe limit. Water conservation and efficient irrigation practices (such as drip irrigation) should be promoted to improve the viability of solar pumps.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 119,689 89
Water Availability Index 0.14 10
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 145,575 74
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 295.9 87

Solarisation of feeders

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps, and its DISCOM has a rather high bulk power purchase rate, but the district has a comparatively low extent of feeder segregation. Solarisation of the feeders will only be possible once the district separates agricultural feeders from the rest.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 4.13 63
Extent of feeder segregation 19% 33
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 31% 79

Solar based water as a service

Not Suitable

The district has a relatively high proportion of unirrigated area. But, the concentration of small and marginal farmers is rather low and groundwater availability is below the safe limit, making it very difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.14 10
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 72% 27
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 51% 42

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Not Suitable

The district has a comparatively high disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers. But, a rather low concentration of marginal farmers, a relatively low proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area, and groundwater availability below the safe limit make it extremely difficult to promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 1% 16
Water Availability Index 0.14 10
Proportion of marginal cultivators 45% 27
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 295.9 87

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Har Khet ko Pani

A relatively high proportion of the net sown area in the district is unirrigated, indicating high irrigation demand. Solar pumps can help improve access to underground irrigation as part of Har_Khet_ko_Pani.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 51% 42

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Intensity

A relatively high proportion of the district’s net sown area is unirrigated. Lack of access to irrigation is one of the major barriers to growing crops beyond two conventional seasons, rabi and kharif. Ensuring irrigation access through solar power will help improve cropping intensity and move towards the aim of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 51% 42

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 1% 16

Bhilwara, Rajasthan
Summary
Number of operational holdings
319,743
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
1.76
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
119,689
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
100,331
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
215
82
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
1%
16
Water Availability Index
0.14
10
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,368
60
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
145,575
74
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
4.66
22
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
295.9
87
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
2,856
74
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.69
80