Barmer, Rajasthan | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Barmer, Rajasthan

In the district, a relatively large proportion of the net sown area is unirrigated, indicating high irrigation demand. It has a relatively low proportion of small and marginal farmers. The district appears in the group of districts, which are (very) highly vulnerable towards climate change, as per an index constructed by CRIDA.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Not Suitable
Solarisation of feeders Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Not Suitable
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Not Suitable

The district has a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit, but ground water availability is below the safe limit, the concentration of diesel pump users is comparatively low, and crop revenue per holding is also low, making it extremely difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 7,113 36
Water Availability Index 0.35 28
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 24,478 15
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 126.6 72

Solarisation of feeders

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps, and its DISCOM has a rather high bulk power purchase rate, but the district has a comparatively low extent of feeder segregation. Solarisation of the feeders will only be possible once the district separates agricultural feeders from the rest.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 4.13 63
Extent of feeder segregation 40% 36
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 9% 53

Solar based water as a service

Not Suitable

The district has a relatively high proportion of unirrigated area. But, the concentration of small and marginal farmers is rather low and groundwater availability is below the safe limit, making it very difficult to promote solar-based irrigation through the water-as-a-service model here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.35 28
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 18% 3
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 91% 83

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has a comparatively high disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers and a relatively high proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area. But groundwater availability below safe limit and a rather low concentration of marginal farmers limits the demand for 1 HP and sub-HP pumps in the district.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 9% 61
Water Availability Index 0.35 28
Proportion of marginal cultivators 7% 3
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 126.6 72

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Har Khet ko Pani

A relatively high proportion of the net sown area in the district is unirrigated, indicating high irrigation demand. Solar pumps can help improve access to underground irrigation as part of Har_Khet_ko_Pani.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 91% 83

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Intensity

A relatively high proportion of the district’s net sown area is unirrigated. Lack of access to irrigation is one of the major barriers to growing crops beyond two conventional seasons, rabi and kharif. Ensuring irrigation access through solar power will help improve cropping intensity and move towards the aim of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 91% 83

National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)

The relatively low share of oilseeds and oil palm crops under gross sown area in the district makes it a suitable candidate for promoting NMOOP. Solar pumps could meet irrigation needs for these crops and help farmers diversify their yields beyond cereals.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under oilseeds as a share of total cropped area 2% 34

Barmer, Rajasthan
Summary
Number of operational holdings
280,141
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
7.8
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
7,113
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
25,050
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
1,502
100
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
9%
61
Water Availability Index
0.35
28
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,378
61
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
24,478
15
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
5.89
38
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
126.6
72
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
11,690
99
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.26
52