Banka, Bihar | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Banka, Bihar

Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. The average monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households is relatively low for the district, suggesting poor purchasing capacity of the farmers here. It has a relatively low penetration of banks in rural and semi-rural areas, impeding access to institutional credit for farmers. There is a comparatively high level of farm mechanization in the district, implying a positive outlook towards progressive technologies amongst the farmers. The district has a relatively high proportion of small and marginal farmers.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Suitable

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has ground water available within the safe limit and a comparatively high concentration of diesel pump users. However, low crop revenue per holding, and the relatively low disbursement of institutional credit would make it difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 243,691 96
Water Availability Index 1 100
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 15,457 7
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 9.7 37

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within safe limit and the concentration of small and marginal farmers is comparatively high, but the proportion of unirrigated area is relatively low. A solar-based water service will have to compete with existing sources of irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 98% 93
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 29% 28

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Suitable

1 HP and sub-HP pumps could help marginal farmers meet their needs in this district. A relatively high proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area, a rather high concentration of marginal farmers, a comparatively high disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers, and the availability of groundwater within the safe limit would drive the success of such small-sized pumps in the district. Such small pumps could also be put to use for lift irrigation, provided there is access to surface water.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 7% 57
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of marginal cultivators 93% 95
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 9.7 37

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Capital Investment

Given the high concentration of small and marginal farmers, and their relatively better access to institutional credit, the district is suitable for doubling farmers’ income through capital investment. Solar pumps could be one of the farm technologies to invest in for farmers, especially 1 HP or sub-HP pumps for marginal farmers.

Parameter Value Percentile
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 98% 93
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year to small and marginal cultivators (in INR Crore) 9.7 37

National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)

The relatively low share of oilseeds and oil palm crops under gross sown area in the district makes it a suitable candidate for promoting NMOOP. Solar pumps could meet irrigation needs for these crops and help farmers diversify their yields beyond cereals.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under oilseeds as a share of total cropped area 0% 11

Banka, Bihar
Summary
Number of operational holdings
332,803
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
0.45
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
243,691
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
1,629
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
23
28
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
7%
57
Water Availability Index
1
100
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
843
11
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
15,457
7
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
3.19
6
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
9.7
37
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
2,034
64
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
3.54
98