Anantnag, Jammu & Kashmir | Solar Pumps Tool Made with Humane Club

Anantnag, Jammu & Kashmir

Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. There is a comparatively high level of farm mechanization in the district, implying a positive outlook towards progressive technologies amongst the farmers. The district has a relatively high proportion of small and marginal farmers.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Suitable

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has ground water available within the safe limit and a relatively high disbursement of institutional credit. But, low crop revenue per holding, and a comparatively low concentration of diesel pump users make it difficult to promote the private ownership of solar pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 12,711 46
Water Availability Index 1 100
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 16,463 8
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 38.1 55

Solarisation of feeders

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps, and its DISCOM has a rather high bulk power purchase rate, but the district has a comparatively low extent of feeder segregation. Solarisation of the feeders will only be possible once the district separates agricultural feeders from the rest.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 3.79 34
Extent of feeder segregation 0% 0
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 1% 21

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within safe limit and the concentration of small and marginal farmers is comparatively high, but the proportion of unirrigated area is relatively low. A solar-based water service will have to compete with existing sources of irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 99% 96
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 26% 26

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Suitable

1 HP and sub-HP pumps could help marginal farmers meet their needs in this district. A relatively high proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area, a rather high concentration of marginal farmers, a comparatively high disbursement of institutional credit to marginal farmers, and the availability of groundwater within the safe limit would drive the success of such small-sized pumps in the district. Such small pumps could also be put to use for lift irrigation, provided there is access to surface water.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 17% 75
Water Availability Index 1 100
Proportion of marginal cultivators 94% 96
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 38.1 55

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Capital Investment

Given the high concentration of small and marginal farmers, and their relatively better access to institutional credit, the district is suitable for doubling farmers’ income through capital investment. Solar pumps could be one of the farm technologies to invest in for farmers, especially 1 HP or sub-HP pumps for marginal farmers.

Parameter Value Percentile
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 99% 96
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year to small and marginal cultivators (in INR Crore) 38.1 55

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 37% 70

Anantnag, Jammu & Kashmir
Summary
Number of operational holdings
119,740
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
0.36
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
12,711
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
1,118
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
11
15
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
17%
75
Water Availability Index
1
100
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,484
73
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
16,463
8
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
6.68
46
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
38.1
55
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
7,909
97
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
1.92
95