Adilabad, Telangana - Solar Pumps Tool | Solar Pumps Tool

Adilabad, Telangana

Overall, water availability for irrigation in the district (based on ground water development and long-term trends of water level decline) is within the safe limit, enhancing long-term sustainability of solar pumps. For average crop revenue per holding, the district appears among the top 25 percentile of districts, implying higher investment capacity of the farmers here.

Deployment Approaches

Approaches Feasibility
Individually owned off-grid solar pumps Limited Suitability
Solarisation of feeders Limited Suitability
Solar based water as a service Limited Suitability
Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps Limited Suitability

Individually owned off-grid solar pumps

Limited Suitability

The district has ground water available within the safe limit, a comparatively high concentration of diesel pump users, and high crop revenue per holding, but has a relatively low disbursement of institutional credit. Long-term bank loans should be promoted in the district to enable the adoption of capital-intensive farm technologies, including solar pumps.

Parameter Value Percentile
Number of cultivators reporting use of diesel pumps 17,389 51
Water Availability Index 0.84 71
Crop revenue per holding (INR) 208,023 85
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 19.8 46

Solarisation of feeders

Limited Suitability

The district has a relatively high penetration of electric pumps, and its DISCOM has a rather high bulk power purchase rate, but the district has a comparatively low extent of feeder segregation. Solarisation of the feeders will only be possible once the district separates agricultural feeders from the rest.

Parameter Value Percentile
Power purchase rate for DISCOM (INR/kWh) 5.29 99
Extent of feeder segregation 11% 29
Proportion of cultivators reporting use of electric pumps 18% 66

Solar based water as a service

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability is within the safe limit in this district and the proportion of unirrigated area is high. However, a comparatively low concentration of small and marginal farmers indicates low demand for water as a service.

Parameter Value Percentile
Water Availability Index 0.84 71
Proportion of small and marginal cultivators 78% 36
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 84% 74

Promote 1 HP and sub-HP pumps

Limited Suitability

Groundwater availability in the district is within the safe limit. But, a rather low concentration of marginal farmers, a comparatively low disbursement of institutional credit to them and a relatively low proportion of horticulture crops under gross cropped area limit the demand for 1 HP and sub-HP pumps here.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 4% 43
Water Availability Index 0.84 71
Proportion of marginal cultivators 50% 32
Medium and long term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore) 19.8 46

Leveraging Solar Pumps to Promote Policy Objectives

If you are deploying solar pumps in this district then you can further these policy objectives.

Har Khet ko Pani

A relatively high proportion of the net sown area in the district is unirrigated, indicating high irrigation demand. Solar pumps can help improve access to underground irrigation as part of Har_Khet_ko_Pani.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 84% 74

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Intensity

A relatively high proportion of the district’s net sown area is unirrigated. Lack of access to irrigation is one of the major barriers to growing crops beyond two conventional seasons, rabi and kharif. Ensuring irrigation access through solar power will help improve cropping intensity and move towards the aim of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

Parameter Value Percentile
Unirrigated net sown area as a share of total net sown area 84% 74

Doubling Farmers’ Income – Crop Diversification

In the district, horticulture crops occupy a relatively low proportion of gross cropped area, indicating an opportunity for growing more high value non-staple crops. Solar-powered irrigation could be an alternative source of reliable irrigation, making it easier to achieve crop diversification and enhance farmers’ incomes.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area 4% 43

Per Drop More Crop

In the district, crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation occupy a relatively high proportion of gross cropped area, making it easy to adopt such high precision irrigation methods. Solar pumps, along with other efficient and precise water application devices, could be deployed under Per Drop More Crop to promote efficient irrigation.

Parameter Value Percentile
Area under crops suitable for drip and sprinkler irrigation as a share of total cropped area 66% 93

Adilabad, Telangana
Summary
Number of operational holdings
519,937
Average size of operational holding (Ha)
1.4
No. of cultivators using diesel pumps
17,389
No. of cultivators using electric pumps
91,831
Parameters (value, percentile)
Unirrigated net sown area ('000 ha)
521
97
Area under horticulture crops as a share of gross cropped area
4%
43
Water Availability Index
0.84
71
Monthly per capita expenditure of rural agricultural households (INR)
1,434
67
Crop revenue per holding (INR)
208,023
85
No. of rural and semi-urban bank branches per 10,000 farmers
5.33
30
Medium and long-term institutional credit disbursed in a year (in INR Crore)
19.8
46
No. of calls made at Kisan Call Centre (between 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2015)
2,476
70
Level of farm mechanisation (tractors, harvesters, threshers per ha)
0.32
56